Norms and Standards

Dutch Code of Conduct Transparency Online Political Advertisements

This Code of Conduct was published to address the issues of election transparency and disinformation in the digital sphere. This code requires transparency regarding the sender, costs, and reach of advertisements during the election campaign. It also urges political parties to avoid posting misleading messages or accept foreign funding for advertising. 

Nepal “Code of Conduct to be Followed by Mass Media, Non-Governmental Organizations and Observers”

Nepal’s Election Commission published their electoral code of conduct in 2015, which established standards and regulations for various institutions, persons, bodies and authorities. The code includes language for the mass media in preventing the publication, broadcast, or dissemination of “baseless information in favor of or against candidate or political party on electronically used social networks such as S.M.S., Facebook, Twitter and Viber”. Clauses such as these work to ban deliberate sharing of fake news during Nepal’s election period. 

Georgia “Ethical Principles of Candidates of 28 October 2018 Presidential Elections”

The purpose of the “Ethical Principles of Candidates of 28 October 2018 Presidential Elections” was to establish guidelines for presidential candidates during their election campaigns. The Central Election Commission and candidates agreed to broad disinformation guidance through the clauses such as:

  • “abstain from the dissemination of false information with prior knowledge”
  • “refuse to use any hate speech or statements that involved xenophobia or intimidation.” 

Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism

The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) brings together the technology industry, government, civil society, and academia to foster collaboration and information-sharing to counter terrorist and violent extremist activity online.

GIFCT’s strategic planning and programming centers on three pillars:

Code of Conduct: Measures to Address Disinformation Intended to Cause Harm During the Election Period (South Africa)

South Africa’s “Code of Conduct: Measures to Address Disinformation Intended to Cause Harm During the Election Period” (in draft form as of July 2020) is aimed at “every registered party and every candidate” with additional obligations under the code for how those parties and candidates must take appropriate recourse against any member, representative or supporter of that party or candidate who behaves in violation of the code. The code is drawn narrowly to limit its application to the electoral period and ground it firmly in the broader legal and regulatory framework in South Africa.

Voluntary Code of Ethics - India 2019 Election

Prior to 2019 elections, the Election Commission of India was able to convene representatives from top social media companies for a two-day brainstorming session on approaches to problematic social media content in elections. Technology and social media companies then signed on to a voluntary Code of Ethics that outlined the nature of collaboration between the EMB and the companies.

Protecting Tunisian Elections from Digital Threat Roundtable

The roundtable highlights the current state of social media used by political actors ahead of the elections, seeking to understand and foresight how social media will impact the political campaign, and how to better protect the integrity of the campaign.

(Copied from website)

International Partnership on Information and Democracy

The International Partnership on Information and Democracy is an intergovernmental non-binding agreement endorsed by 38 countries around the world to promote and implement democratic principles in the global information and communication space. It was formally signed during the 74th UN General Assembly in September 2019.

(Copied from website)

Ethical Digital Commitment

Pledge signed by political parties and technology/social network companies committing to avoiding fake news and mechanisms of disinformation that may affect upcoming elections.

(Independently written)

The Trust Project

The Trust Project, a consortium of top news companies led by award-winning journalist Sally Lehrman, is developing transparency standards that help you easily assess the quality and credibility of journalism.

Over two years, Trust Project researchers interviewed people in the U.S. and Europe to find out what’s important to them when it comes to news.